Carnaval – Billed as the most bacchanalian of parties worldwide, the Carnival is indeed one of the grandest and most colorful street merrymaking, float-watching and samba-dancing party ever.
February Saturday to Wednesday
Sexta feira Santa
Good Friday – This day commemorates the passion and death of Jesus Christ on the cross.
Friday, 29 March
Domingo de Pascoa
Easter Sunday – This day celebrates the triumph of Jesus Christ over death and his resurrection.
Dia de Tiradentes
Tiradentes Day – This day in the Brazil calendar commemorates the death of a national martyr named Tiradentes (died 1792) who led a movement for an independent Brazil.
Dia do Trabalhador
Labor Day – Brazilians also honor the value of labor and its workforce on this day.
The Feast of Corpus Christi – This day celebrates the presence of Christ in the Eucharist, or the Catholic belief that the actual body and blood of Christ is present during communion. In Brazil, this is celebrated with carpet-weaving.
Dia dos Namorados
Valentine’s Day (Literally, ‘Girlfriend’s or Boyfriend’s Day) – The Brazilians surprisingly celebrate the day of hearts not on the Gregorian day of February 14 but on their own historically significant day of June 12, a tradition formalized in the 1950s.
Dia da Independencia
Independence Day – The reason why the rest of South Americans speak Spanish and Brazilians do not is because of their Portuguese heritage. Or, as Brazilians of the past would have said, ‘colonization.’ Brazil declared independence from Portugal on this day in 1822.
Nossa Senhora Aparecida
Our Lady Aparecida – Being a colony of Portugal, a highly devout country of Roman Catholicism, it is only natural for Brazilians to celebrate their country’s patroness on this day. This day is also known as the Children’s Day.
Semana do saco cheio
Spring Break – 12 to 20 October
Dia de Finados
All Soul’s Day – Just like other Roman Catholic countries everywhere, this is the day when the deceased are commemorated. Candles are lit in graveyards, traditional foods are offered to the departed, and families hold reunions for dinners.
Proclamação da República
Republic Proclamation Day – This is the day in 1889 when Brazil declared itself a republic and no longer the Portuguese Empire of Brazil.
Christmas Eve and Day – Brazilians being devout Catholics, Christmas here is highly regarded not only as one of the most important religious observances in the calendar of the church, but also as a national holiday in the Brazil calendar 2013.